CONFINS

O tempo social é influenciado pela linguagem que restringe e fixa conceitos prévios e modos de pensar – uma defesa do tempo, Harold Innis

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Quando as elites falham, a ameaça é o colapso político

Leaders richly rewarded for mediocrity cannot be relied upon when things go wrong

Martin Wolf, Financial Times

In 2014, Europeans commemorate the 100th anniversary of the start of the first world war. This calamity launched three decades of savagery and stupidity, destroying most of what was good in the European civilisation of the beginning of the 20th century. In the end, as Churchill foretold in June 1940, “the New World, with all its power and might”, had to step “forth to the rescue and the liberation of the old”.

The failures of Europe’s political, economic and intellectual elites created the disaster that befell their peoples between 1914 and 1945. It was their ignorance and prejudices that allowed catastrophe: false ideas and bad values were at work. These included the atavistic belief, not just that empires were magnificent and profitable, but that war was glorious and controllable. It was as if a will to collective suicide seized the leaders of great nations.

Complex societies rely on their elites to get things, if not right, at least not grotesquely wrong. When elites fail, the political order is likely to collapse, as happened to the defeated powers after first world war. The Russian, German and Austrian empires vanished, bequeathing weak successors succeeded by despotism. The first world war also destroyed the foundations of the 19th century economy: free trade and the gold standard. Attempts to restore it produced more elite failures, this time of Americans as much as Europeans. The Great Depression did much to create the political conditions for the second world war. The cold war, a conflict of democracies with a dictatorship sired by the first world war, followed.

The dire results of elite failures are not surprising. An implicit deal exists between elites and the people: the former obtain the privileges and perquisites of power and property; the latter, in return, obtain security and, in modern times, a measure of prosperity. If elites fail, they risk being replaced. The replacement of failed economic, bureaucratic and intellectual elites is always fraught. But, in a democracy, replacement of political elites at least is swift and clean. In a despotism, it will usually be slow and almost always bloody.

This is not just history. It remains true today. If one looks for direct lessons from the first world war for our world, we see them not in contemporary Europe but in the Middle East, on the borders of India and Pakistan and in the vexed relationships between a rising China and its neighbours. The possibilities of lethal miscalculation exist in all these cases, though the ideologies of militarism and imperialism are, happily, far less prevalent than a century ago. Today, powerful states accept the idea that peace is more conducive to prosperity than the illusory spoils of war. Yet this does not, alas, mean the west is immune to elite failures. On the contrary, it is living with them. But its failures are of mismanaged peace, not war.

Here are three visible failures.

First, the economic, financial, intellectual and political elites mostly misunderstood the consequences of headlong financial liberalisation. Lulled by fantasies of self-stabilising financial markets, they not only permitted but encouraged a huge and, for the financial sector, profitable bet on the expansion of debt. The policy making elite failed to appreciate the incentives at work and, above all, the risks of a systemic breakdown. When it came, the fruits of that breakdown were disastrous on several dimensions: economies collapsed; unemployment jumped; and public debt exploded. The policy making elite was discredited by its failure to prevent disaster. The financial elite was discredited by needing to be rescued. The political elite was discredited by willingness to finance the rescue. The intellectual elite – the economists – was discredited by its failure to anticipate a crisis or agree on what to do after it had struck. The rescue was necessary. But the belief that the powerful sacrificed taxpayers to the interests of the guilty is correct.

Second, in the past three decades we have seen the emergence of a globalised economic and financial elite. Its members have become ever more detached from the countries that produced them. In the process, the glue that binds any democracy – the notion of citizenship – has weakened. The narrow distribution of the gains of economic growth greatly enhances this development. This, then, is ever more a plutocracy. A degree of plutocracy is inevitable in democracies built, as they must be, on market economies. But it is always a matter of degree. If the mass of the people view their economic elite as richly rewarded for mediocre performance and interested only in themselves, yet expecting rescue when things go badly, the bonds snap. We may be just at the beginning of this long-term decay.

Third, in creating the euro, the Europeans took their project beyond the practical into something far more important to people: the fate of their money. Nothing was more likely than frictions among Europeans over how their money was being managed or mismanaged. The probably inevitable financial crisis has now spawned a host of still unresolved difficulties. The economic difficulties of crisis-hit economies are evident: huge recessions, extraordinarily high unemployment, mass emigration and heavy debt overhangs. This is all well known. Yet it is the constitutional disorder of the eurozone that is least emphasised. Within the eurozone, power is now concentrated in the hands of the governments of the creditor countries, principally Germany, and a trio of unelected bureaucracies – the European Commission, the European Central Bank and the International Monetary Fund. The peoples of adversely affected countries have no influence upon them. The politicians who are accountable to them are powerless. This divorce between accountability and power strikes at the heart of any notion of democratic governance. The eurozone crisis is not just economic. It is also constitutional.

None of these failures matches in any way the follies of 1914. But they are big enough to cause doubts about our elites. The result is the birth of angry populism throughout the west, mostly the xenophobic populism of the right. The characteristic of rightwing populists is that they kick down. If elites continue to fail, we will go on watching the rise of angry populists. The elites need to do better. If they do not, rage may overwhelm us all.

 

 

A era das plataformas se consolidará em 2014

Considerando que nos próximos 10 anos a tecnologia estará integrada nos ambientes e em cada um de nós – não será mais algo que você liga e desliga – e que isso mudará totalmente a experiência humana de viver, vejo os avanços das plataformas de atuação na rede como a principal tendência em 2014.

Monitoramento, curadoria e agregação, articulação e governança são os processos provocados na sociedade pela linguagem, pela informação. Da linguagem oral à eletrônica, que promete, se não o retorno, a valorização da cultura oral. Mídias sociais como Twitter, google+, facebook, linkedin, pinterest, tumblr, youtube, paper.li, rebelmouse, instagram, scoop.it, flipboard, meddle etc  são plataformas pontuais, ferramentas, mídias.

Num mundo que a cada dia ganha maiores índices de complexidade e fragmentação atuar de forma isolada com uma ou outra destas mídias é inócuo. Indivíduos, profissionais e empresas que atuam com propriedade e objetividade no novo ecossistema da informação vêm avançando na construção de suas plataformas com o conjunto de ferramentas que lhes parecem mais apropriadas para seus objetivos.

Rede social existe desde a idade da pedra. É a base de relacionamento de indivíduos, de entidades, de empresas, de setores da economia, de partidos políticos, de sindicatos, de qualquer organização humana. No mundo digital, na economia social, esta base de relacionamento tem que ser organizada na rede para lhe dar mais organicidade e objetividade. Consolida-se aí o conceito de plataforma (e viabilizam-se as redes sociais, as redes de interesse específico), que requer ainda processos de monitoramento e a inter-relação com landing pages apropriadas para fazer  andar o processo de comunicação e articulação frente a um ou uma gama de objetivos. Além, é claro, de uma boa integração com as mídias tradicionais, pois há e haverá por um bom tempo uma forte interdependência entre os dois  mundos, que são um só.

A tendência  tecnológica é reforçada pela demanda da sociedade. A tecnologia, suas ferramentas e processos vão contribuir para dar vazão às necessidades de uma sociedade muito mais complexa e fragmenta da que foi regida pelas tecnologias da era industrial. Esta percepção já é latente na sociedade contemporânea  atônita com o contexto e surpreendida pelos novos processos da informação, comunicação e articulação num mundo em profunda transformação.  Neste cenário, o do avanço das plataformas de atuação, estão contidos também o cloud, a mobilidade e o analytics.

Barra do Ararapira

sobrevoando num ultraleve a barra do ararapira, divisa de são paulo e paraná. em frente,

a restinga do marujá, na ilha do cardoso. pra trás, a ilha de superagui. talvez,

a barra mais espetacular da costa do brasil. Boca do  sertão.

O Papel do Jornal

See on Scoop.itJournalism and the WEB

News, far more than art, is artifact

meu espaço  no flipboaord, rodrigo mesquita

http://netnexus.com.br/, são paulo, brasil

Rodrigo Mesquita‘s insight:

News, far more than art, is artifact

meu espaço  no flipboaord, rodrigo mesquita

http://netnexus.com.br/

See on flipboard.com

Assista a “EG8 FORUM : 3 questions à Yochai Benkler” no YouTube

a propósito da #netmundial2014: desbravando o futuro: 3 questions à Yochai Benkler: http://youtu.be/ykJcnweXmBI

Pierre Lévy, l’intelligence collective – France Culture – (ré)écouter – France Culture

See on Scoop.itJournalism and the WEB

Le jour va bientôt se lever pour une civilisation qui se concevra elle-même comme un sujet cognitif à l’échelle planétaire. L’intelligence vivante (et non pas l’intelligence artificielle!) d’une grande civilisation numérique nous attend dans un avenir qui n’est pas si lointain, avec les communautés qui l’animent et les individus qui la portent.


pierre levy, no seu blog http://pierrelevyblog.com/2014/02/03/causerie-debat-sur-ieml-et-les-ecosystemes-didees/

Rodrigo Mesquita‘s insight:

neste link http://www.franceculture.fr/emission-place-de-la-toile-pierre-levy-2014-02-15, podcast para uma boa conversa com pierre levy sobre inteligência coletiva na era da rede, com uma edição musical fantástica.

Cela fait approximativement 5 ans que j’ai contacté Pierre Lévy (page Wikipédiablog@plevy sur Twitter) pour la première fois en lui demandant quand il passerait par chez nous. Je pensais que cela prendrait quelques mois, il aura fallu 5 ans. Ce qui m’intéressait alors, et qui m’intéresse toujours, c’est qu’il est un pionnier de la réflexion philosophique sur Internet. En particulier dans la sphère francophone. Dès le début des années 90, il a pris Internet au sérieux et l’a interrogé avec les armes de la philosophie. Ce qui l’a guidé à l’époque, et continue à le guider, c’est la notion d’intelligence collective. Intelligence collective comme phénomène à l’œuvre dans les réseaux, mais aussi comme possible à construire, avec des outils théoriques aussi bien que logiciels.


See on www.franceculture.fr

Brands aren’t the only ones becoming publishers and doing journalism — advocacy groups are too

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Advocacy and non-profit agencies like Human Rights Watch fall into a group that veteran media-watcher Dan Gillmor calls “almost journalists,” and they are expanding their ability to produce their own journalism in much the same way that brands and advertisers have been

Rodrigo Mesquita‘s insight:

Robert Thomson, CEO da News Corp, declarou ontem em matéria do The Guardian (http://www.theguardian.com/media/2014/mar/31/news-corp-robert-thomson-washington-post-journalists) que “os jornalistas de jornal não entederam que estamos num momento diferente da história”. E complementou dizendo que atuar nas plataformas digitais significa tocar as pessoas de forma diferente, sem comprometer a ética.

Recentemente, o presidente da NAA – Newspaper Association of America – reconheceu publicamente que a indústria jornalística (e eu acrescento os jornalistas também) como um todo menosprezou o movimento inciado há cerca de 15 anos quando a internet emergiu com os predicados que conhecemos. E que se isso tivesse ocorrido a indústria não estaria enfrentando a concorrência desenfreada que vem enfrentando e com certeza seria um dos principais vetores da construção da nova plataforma de informação, comunicação e articulação da sociedade, que não exclui velhos e novos mecanismos. eles convivem e vão conviver.

Como considero que a médio e longo prazo é este processo que vai determinar a democracia que vamos viver, que na minha opinião não prescindirá de jornalistas e jornalismo, publico este artigo da Gigaom, recomendando que sejam lidos os artigos aí citados e linkados de Dan Gilmour e Clay Shirinky, que tratam do mesmo assunto.

O processo que estamos vivendo – marcas, anunciantes, ongs, políticos, entidades, instituições e, ainda de forma bastante anárquica e muitas vezes superficial, os indivíduos em geral atuando com “jornalistas” na rede – abre novos caminhos para o jornalismo profissional. Entre eles, a cobertura profissional e isenta deste novo jogo de interesses. O jornalismo profissional continua sendo a intermediação entre o público e o poder. Precisamos agregar valor.

Publico e convido os membros desta comunidade a debaterem a questão.

See on gigaom.com

New technology, new money, new newsrooms, old questions: The State of the News Media in 2014

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Pew’s annual omnibus report finds that the transition to digital, and the influx of new money and new ideas, only represents a sliver of activity in the broader media.

Rodrigo Mesquita‘s insight:

In Pew Research Center’s latest State of the News Media report, just out, you get a glimpse of how the worlds of journalism and technology are continuing to merge and the impact that convergence has on the business and editorial prospects of media companies.

A majority of Americans now say they get news through a digital platform: 82 percent reported using a desktop or laptop, while 54 percent got news through mobile devices, according to Pew. Half of social media users share or repost news stories, while 46 percent discuss news on those sites. Audiences are also spending more time watching their screens: 63 percent of U.S. adults now watch online video, and of that, 36 percent watch news video.

See on www.niemanlab.org

Key Indicators in Media & News

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A look at key trends in the main sectors of the news media from Pew Research Center’s State of the News Media 2014.

Rodrigo Mesquita‘s insight:

state of the media 2014: os indicadores chave do novo mundo das notícias e mídia em permanente beta via @pewjournalism

See on www.journalism.org

Yahoo, Google and Apple also claim right to read user emails

See on Scoop.itJournalism and the WEB

Like Microsoft, other webmail giants all reserve the right to read user emails, if ‘deemed necessary’. By Alex Hern

Rodrigo Mesquita‘s insight:

não há diferenças entre os gigante da rede. todos eles reivindicam direitos sobre sua privacidade, que não vela nada

See on www.theguardian.com

Facebook and its journey from social network to ad network in less than a year

See on Scoop.itJournalism and the WEB

Facebook and its journey from social network to ad network in less than a year, It’s not celebrating 10 years of Facebook that we should be talking about; it’s how Facebook seems to have changed what it is without telling anyone, writes Chris Buckley, director of digital engagement at TMW. | Marketing Magazine

Rodrigo Mesquita‘s insight:

“Facebook has scale. It has consumer interaction, data, the ability to control its environment, the context of use (device, time and location) and for now, it has the ear of brands and media agencies. If ever there was a time when digital could smash through that budget glass ceiling, it’s now.”

vejo ambientes (ferramentas, plataformas) como o facebook como as novas praças de discussão, antes circunscritas à relação com um jornal, depois a rádio, as tvs, que também compunham a praça, o papel da praça: o ponto de encontro para a reflexão.

vejo assim porque nasci dentro de um jornal na perspectiva da redação. de vez em quando, temo o impacto no curto prazo do novo processo de informação – com o indivíduo no centro – na forma de nos relacionarmos entre nós e com as instituições, que não  se formaram em função do nosso mundo. e hoje são lerdas, burocráticas. andam na velocidade da era industrial.

é por isso que aconselho a leitura de artigos como este.  uma boa análise da evolução de uma das praças até agora usada intensamente por nós.

See on www.marketingmagazine.co.uk

Facebook and its journey from social network to ad network in less than a year

See on Scoop.itJournalism and the WEB

Facebook and its journey from social network to ad network in less than a year, It’s not celebrating 10 years of Facebook that we should be talking about; it’s how Facebook seems to have changed what it is without telling anyone, writes Chris Buckley, director of digital engagement at TMW. | Marketing Magazine

Rodrigo Mesquita‘s insight:

vejo ambientes (ferramentas, plataformas) como o facebook como as novas praças de discussão, antes circunscritas à relação com um jornal, depois a rádio, as tvs, que também compunham a praça, o papel da praça: o ponto de encontro para a reflexão.

vejo assim porque nasci dentro de um jornal na perspectiva da redação. de vez em quando, temo o impacto no curto prazo do novo processo de informação – com o indivíduo no centro – na forma de nos relacionarmos entre nós e com as instituições, que não  se formaram em função do nosso mundo. e hoje são lerdas, burocráticas. andam na velocidade da era industrial.

é por isso que aconselho a leitura de artigos como este.  uma boa análise da evolução de uma das praças até agora usada intensamente por nós.

See on www.marketingmagazine.co.uk

Desenvolvido por SELVA/LAB